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[ pdf ] Overview and Tutorial on Artificial Intelligence Systems

Overview and Tutorial on Artificial Intelligence Systems Download
Topic under  Control Engineering
Source: www.giac.org 
File size: 22.01 KB
File type: pdf
Last download on: Sat Mar 25, 2017 02:43:16 PM
Short Desciption:
Humans have a strong fascination with the idea of machines that can think. It is a recurring theme in fiction and the movies, from Hal to the Terminator to The Matrix. Whether a man-made artifact can think is still the subject of debate by philosophers. This paper explores different aspects of term artificial intelligence (or AI) and provides an overview of how this technology is being used today. Defining artificial intelligence is somewhat controversial, because there is no single definition of intelligence.

This paper has provided an overview of artificial intelligence and its applications. Artificial intelligence is not a single thing; it is many things. A distinction is often made between conventional artificial intelligence, which is based upon machine learning, and computational intelligence, which applies iteration and computation to generate intelligent agents. Conventional AI relies on symbolic logic and formalism and is considered a top-down approach. Computational intelligence, sometimes known as soft computing, uses training based on empirical data and is more of a bottom-up approach. Four areas of conventional AI were examined. Expert systems use rule-based inference engines to simulate reasoning. Case-based reasoning tries to apply previous experience to the current problem. Behavior-based AI uses sets of semi-autonomous agents to solve problems. Bayesian networks model knowledge by using probabilities and graph theory to draw inferences. Two types of computational intelligence systems were examined. Neural networks consist of networks of cooperating nodes that are trained by a series of inputs. Fuzzy logic is a system of logic that allows for imprecise information and solves problems with incomplete information. All these techniques have successful applications in use today. Artificial intelligence is improving our lives in numerous ways, even when there is no widespread agreement on exactly what artificial intelligence is.
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