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[ pdf ] Energy-efficient Wireless Sensor Network MAC Protocol

Energy-efficient Wireless Sensor Network MAC Protocol Download
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Topic under  Wireless Connectivity
Source: scholar.lib.vt.edu 
File size: 2.69 MB
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Last download on: Sat Mar 25, 2017 02:51:25 PM
Short Desciption:
(Abstract) With the progression of computer networks extending boundaries and joining distant locations, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) emerge as the new frontier in developing opportunities to collect and process data from remote locations. WSNs rely on hardware simplicity to make sensor field deployments both affordable and long-lasting without maintenance support. WSN designers strive to extend network lifetimes while meeting application-specific throughput and latency requirements. Effective power management places sensor nodes into one of the available energy-saving modes based upon the sleep period duration and the current state of the radio.

Summary:
Table of Contents Dedication iv Acknowledgments. v Table of Contentsvii List of Figures xi List of Tables . xiv Glossary of Acronyms xv CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION.1 1.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT 2 1.2 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION2 1.3 DESIGN PURPOSE.4 1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS5 1.5 METHODOLOGY OVERVIEW5 1.6 ORGANIZATION OF DISSERTATION 6 CHAPTER 2 OVERVIEW OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK MAC PROTOCOLS 7 2.1 WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORKS.8 2.2 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS .9 2.3 NETWORK ARCHITECTURE PROTOCOL STACK 9 2.3.1 Physical Layer.10 2.3.2 Data Link Layer 10 2.3.3 Network Layer.11 2.3.4 Transport Layer 12 2.3.5 Application Layer12 2.4 MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL PROTOCOLS.12 2.4.1 Medium Access Control Challenges .13 2.4.2 Medium Access Control Standards .14 2.4.3 Classifications of Medium Access Control Protocols .26 2.5 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK MAC ENERGY-EFFICIENCY TECHNIQUES 30 2.5.1 Idle Listening.30 2.5.2 Frame Collisions.38 2.5.3 Protocol Overhead, Control Packets 39 2.5.4 Message Overhearing .40 2.6 ADDITIONAL TDMA SENSOR MAC ENERGY-EFFICIENT PROTOCOLS.41 2.6.1 Low-energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) .41 2.6.2 Power Aware Clustered TDMA (PACT) .42 2.6.3 Bit-Map-Assisted Energy-efficient MAC Scheme for WSN (BMA)43 2.7 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK SECURITY 45 2.7.1 TinySec45 2.7.2 Hardware Advanced Encryption System (AES) 46 2.8 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK TIMING CONSIDERATIONS .46 2.9 WIRELESS SENSOR PLATFORMS 48 2.10 SENSOR TRAFFIC MODELING.49 2.10.1 Convergecast.49 2.10.2 Local Gossip .50 2.11 SUMMARY.50 CHAPTER 3 OBJECTIVES AND METHODOLGY.52 3.1 TEN-STEP PERFORMANCE EVALUATION METHOD 52 3.2 GOALS AND DEFINING THE SYSTEM53 vii 3.2.1 Network Under Investigation 54 3.2.2 MAC and PHY Layer Implementations .55 3.3 EVALUATION TECHNIQUES55 3.4 GMAC AND RPM ALGORITHM SIMULATION SCENARIOS.56 3.5 SIMULATION PERFORMANCE METRICS56 3.5.1 Network Lifetime .56 3.5.2 Energy Consumption/bit57 3.5.3 Throughput57 3.5.4 End-to-End Delay57 3.5.5 Node Sleep Percentage .57 3.6 SIMULATION FACTORS 58 3.7 SYSTEM MODEL 58 3.7.1 Network Topology .58 3.7.2 Number of Nodes.58 3.7.3 PHY Layer Model58 3.7.4 Data Rate and Slot Time .59 3.7.5 Packet Generation Rates.59 3.7.6 Data Packet Sizes59 3.7.7 MAC Frame Period Size .60 3.7.8 Data Packet Frame Structure .60 3.7.9 Control Packet Frame Structure .61 3.7.10 Interframe Spacing62 3.7.11 Node Energy Capacity 62 3.7.12 Energy Consumption Rates .62 3.8 MODEL VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION63 3.8.1 Testing Verification.63 3.8.2 Testing Validation .64 3.9 SUMMARY.64 CHAPTER 4 GMAC ENERGY-EFFICIENT MAC PROTOCOL.65 4.1 GMAC PROTOCOL OVERVIEW66 4.2 GMAC ENERGY-EFFICIENCY DESIGN STRATEGIES.67 4.2.1 GMAC Idle Listening Energy-Saving Techniques.68 4.2.2 GMAC Frame Collision Energy-Saving Techniques 69 4.2.3 GMAC Protocol Overhead Energy-Saving Techniques 69 4.2.4 GMAC Message Overhearing Energy-Saving Techniques .70 4.3 GMAC PROTOCOL DESIGN.71 4.3.1 GMAC Dynamic Collection and Distribution Periods71 4.3.2 RAVE: Resource Adaptive Voluntary Election72 4.3.3 Gateway Intra-network Traffic Scheduling.76 4.3.4 Gateway Traffic Indication Message (GTIM) Beacon 77 4.3.5 Link Layer Security .78 4.3.6 Protocol Timing Considerations .79 4.3.7 Multi-hop Considerations .81 4.4 WSN PROTOCOL QUALITATIVE NETWORK COMPARISONS .84 4.4.1 Empty Network Comparisons84 4.4.2 Unicast Traffic Network Comparisons86 4.5 SUMMARY.90 CHAPTER 5 ANALYTICAL AND SIMULATION MODELS .91 5.1 MAC ANALYTICAL MODELING PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS.91 5.1.1 General Analytical Model .92 5.1.2 IEEE 802.11 Model .93 5.1.3 SMAC Model .93 5.1.4 TMAC Model.94 5.1.5 BMAC Model.94 viii 5.1.6 GMAC Model 94 5.1.7 IEEE 802.11 Infrastructure DCF in Power Save (PS) Model.95 5.1.8 IEEE 802.11 Ad Hoc Power Save (PS) Model 96 5.2 PROTOCOL SIMULATION MODELS .97 5.2.1 Top-down Design 98 5.2.2 WSN Channel Contention .99 5.2.3 WSN MAC Sleep State Design 100 5.2.4 WSN MAC Message Passing.102 5.2.5 WSN MAC Energy Consumption Calculations .103 5.3 GMAC STATE DESIGN DESCRIPTIONS 103 5.3.1 GTIM Beacon Period 104 5.3.2 Distribution Period .105 5.3.3 Distribution Sleep Period106 5.3.4 Collection Period 107 5.3.5 Collection Sleep Period.108 5.3.6 Gateway Election: RAVE Algorithm108 5.4 SUMMARY.110 CHAPTER 6 GMAC PROTOCOL PERFORMANCE111 6.1 STATISTICAL ACCURACY 112 6.2 WSN MODEL COMPARISONS 114 6.2.1 WSN Sleep Percentage vs. Unicast Traffic Packet Rate .114 6.2.2 Network Lifetime vs. Unicast Traffic Packet Rate.117 6.2.3 Network Energy/Bit vs. Unicast Traffic Packet Rate 119 6.2.4 End-to-End Packet Delay vs. Unicast Traffic Packet Rate .120 6.2.5 Throughput121 6.2.6 Network Lifetime vs. Broadcast Packet Rate 122 6.2.7 Network Lifetime vs. Number of Network Nodes.123 6.3 GMAC COMPARISON WITH 802.11 POWER SAVE MODES.124 6.3.1 WSN Ad Hoc Environment 125 6.3.2 WLAN PS Infrastructure Environment127 6.4 GMAC SECURITY: BROADCAST DENIAL OF SERVICE ATTACK128 6.5 MODEL VERIFICATION 131 6.6 SUMMARY.132 CHAPTER 7 RADIO POWER MANAGEMENT ALGORITHM134 7.1 RADIO POWER MANAGEMENT (RPM) ALGORITHM INTRODUCTION .135 7.2 WSN PLATFORM ENERGY CONSUMPTION MODEL136 7.3 WSN PLATFORM CHARACTERIZATION EXPERIMENTAL CIRCUIT137 7.4 MOTE PLATFORM RADIO LOW POWER MODE DESCRIPTIONS [NEB05] 138 7.5 RPM ALGORITHM DESIGN 141 7.6 OPNET RPM SIMULATION MODEL 143 7.7 SUMMARY.147 CHAPTER 8 SYMBIOTIC NETWORK.148 8.1 SYMBIOTIC WIRELESS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM NETWORK 148 8.1.1 Symbiotic Network Motivation149 8.1.2 Symbiotic Network Architecture150 8.2 SYMBIOTIC NETWORK VALIDATION TESTING RESULTS 153 8.3 SUMMARY.158 CHAPTER 9 CONCLUSIONS .159 9.1 SUMMARY OF RESEARCH 159 9.2 SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTIONS.162 9.2.1 Energy-efficient WSN MAC Protocol162 9.2.2 Radio Power Management Algorithm.163 ix
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    Posted by Durga Prasad
    Mon Dec 10, 2012 11:52:53 AM

    Thank you very much for allowing paper download. It was very useful for my Ph D. I would like to get few more paper downloads from your site. With warmRegards

    Posted by tech.currentblips
    Tue Oct 04, 2011 10:32:20 PM

    Read More About Energy Star 5.3 ... Source: http://www.tech.currentblips.com/2011/10/energy-star-53-now-in-effect-some.html#ixzz1ZpLzbiSp

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